The 2016 Democratic National Convention will be held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on July 25th through the 28th, 2016. DNC Chairwoman Debbie Wasserman Schultz announced the convention dates on January 23, 2015, and the convention host city on February 12, 2015. The decision eliminates the two other finalist cities of Columbus, Ohio and New York City.
A number of other cities had been chosen by the Democratic National Committee as finalists to host the convention. Birmingham and Phoenix were eliminated following site visits on July 21, 2014. Cleveland, withdrew from the competition after the RNC decided on July 8, 2014 to hold their 2016 Republican National Convention in Cleveland.
Other cities under earlier consideration to host the 2016 DNC Convention included Atlanta, Chicago, Detroit, Indianapolis, Nashville and Salt Lake City.
It was in the 1830’s, and the legendary figures from our nation’s history were roaming the political landscape of the land. The footprint of party giant and one of the founders of the Democratic Party of the United States, President Andrew Jackson, threatened to engulf the party itself. The initial decision to break away from the Democratic-Republican Party in 1812 over ideological differences and the choice of its leadership, led to the birth of the Democratic Party and the subsequent role in the elevation of Jackson to the presidency. There was an absence of a formal nomination system for presidential candidates and it caused the build-up of factions within the party, jockeying for post and favors, along with an increasingly prevalent concentration of power among an elite group aligned with President Jackson.
In an attempt to address the situation, another historical giant and founding member of the Democratic Party, Martin Van Buren, built an alliance consisting chiefly of his Southern allies that pushed through a nomination system that is centered on a nationwide electoral process that led to the first Democratic Convention being held in 1832. The implementation of the system saw to a less divisive selection process, which was nevertheless interrupted by yet another internal tussle to control the new electoral system, and this led to the establishment of the Democratic National Committee in 1848 as the administering body of both the convention and the electoral process.
Under the National Democratic Committee, the principal aim of the Democratic National Convention was to select a presidential candidate for the party, while ensuring that the unity of the party is maintained in the process. It is also responsible in formulating and creating a party platform through consensus and at the same time, presenting a unified front to the public whilst maximizing the positive press coverage of the event to the country in general.
After numerous changes and modifications in the electoral process system over the duration of its 170 years history, the current electoral mechanism is based primarily on the recommendations made by the McGovern-Fraser Commission in 1968. Among the most important aspect of the Commission’s recommendations are the methodology to determine the constituency of the approximately 3,000 state level ballots from the primaries and caucuses, and convention-level ballot holders, the super-delegates, numbering at about 1,500, consisting of both past and current elected and appointed party officials.
The allotment of electoral votes for the state and convention level balloting is determined by a combination of the national Electoral College distribution, state level representation in both the Senate and House of Representatives and the successes of a presidential nominee from the state in the preceding three elections (if any).